The examples of trafficking cases :
Sukabumi police investigate alleged human trafficking case
Sukabumi, W Java (ANTARA News) – Police in Sukabumi district, West Java, Indonesia are investigating a possible human trafficking case involving three residents of Parungkuda sub-district.
“We will study the case and ask for information from their families to learn about the alleged human trafficking case which involved residents of Sukabumi district. The three victims are allegedly being locked up in a factory in the Malaysian state of Serawak,” the head of the woman and child protection unit at the Sukabumi district police, Brigadier Agus Nugroho, said here on Friday. Read more here.
Hati-hati! Perdagangan Anak Makin Marak
REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, MEDAN– Kasus perdagangan anak kembali terkuak. Kali ini terjadi di Kota Medan, Sumatera Utara pada 6 Februari 2014 lalu. Seorang Ibu membeli anak bayi kepada Bidan berinisial H boru Purba (57) seharga Rp12 juta. Read more here.
Indonesian Woman Falls Victim to Human Trafficking in US
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – A former bank financial analyst, Shandra Woworuntu, became a victim of human trafficking in the United States when she was 25 years old. Fortunately, she was able to escape her kidnappers by jumping out of a bathroom window in Brooklyn.Read more here.
Indonesia is one of big countries in this world. It has large regions, with high population, many religions, but low level in education, economy, and health. It is very complicated country, and it is not easy for government to manage all sections well. One of huge issue is TRAFFICKING. It is not a new issue, because it has been happening for over thirteen years.
Indonesia is a source, transit, and destination country for women, children, and men trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. The greatest threat of trafficking facing Indonesian men and women is that posed by conditions of forced labor and debt bondage in more developed Asian countries and the Middle East.(Wikipedia).
Several facts that caused trafficking :
There are many causes of human trafficking in Indonesia, including poverty, lack of employment opportunities, unequal gender roles, and community and family pressures to employ children. A cultural acceptance of a young marrying age for girls often leads to false marriages or failed marriages; following which, the girls are sometimes forced into prostitution.
Children are particularly vulnerable due to the fact that a quarter of junior secondary school age students do not attend school. Though the law provides for free education, in practice most schools are not free of charge, and poverty places education out of reach for many children. Furthermore, 60 percent of children under 5 years old do not have official birth certificates, putting them at risk of trafficking.
The victims of trafficking:
A ‘child victim of trafficking’ is any person under the age of 18 who is recruited, transported, transferred, harboured or received for the purpose of exploitation, either within or outside a country. Child trafficking affects children throughout the world, in both industrialized and developing countries. Trafficked children are often subjected to prostitution, forced into marriage or illegally adopted; they provide cheap or unpaid labour, work as house servants or beggars, are recruited into armed groups and are used for sports. Trafficking exposes children to violence, sexual abuse and HIV infection and violates their rights to be protected, grow up in a family environment and have access to education.
The invisible and clandestine nature of trafficking and the lack of strong data collection make it difficult to know the global number of child victims. However, it is estimated that some 1.2 million children are trafficked worldwide every year. At the global level, human trafficking for sexual exploitation is reported more frequently than other forms such as trafficking for forced labour, and remains the third most profitable illicit trade, after that of arms and drugs.
Indonesian women are particularly vulnerable to trafficking for sexual and labor exploitation. It is estimated that between 69 to 75 percent of all overseas Indonesian workers are female, the vast majority working as domestic workers. The number of Indonesian women who reported being subjected to rape while working as domestic workers in 2010 appears to be on the rise. Based on a 2010 survey, a respected Indonesian NGO noted that during the year 471 Indonesian migrants returned from the Middle East pregnant as the result of rape, and an additional 161 returned with children who had been born in the Middle East.
The Indonesian government’s efforts in solving trafficking:
During 2010, the government undertook efforts to improve coordination and reporting of its anti-trafficking efforts.
Indonesia passed a comprehensive anti-trafficking bill in April 2007 that criminalizes debt bondage, labor exploitation, sexual exploitation, and transnational and internal trafficking. Penalties range from three to 15 years of imprisonment. In March 2011, Indonesia’s parliament passed a new immigration law that provides punishments of up to two years’ imprisonment for officials found guilty of aiding and abetting human trafficking or people smuggling. The new law also links human trafficking and people smuggling, allowing traffickers to be prosecuted for the crime of smuggling.
The Indonesian government continued modest but uneven efforts to protect victims of trafficking during 2010. The Ministry of Social Welfare continues to operate 22 shelters and trauma clinics for victims of sex and labor trafficking and the National Police operate several “integrated service centers,” which provide medical services to victims of violence and trafficking. However, the government relies significantly on international organizations and NGOs for the provision of services to victims and only provides limited funding to domestic NGOs and civil society groups that support such services.
The Indonesian Government is making efforts to coordinate all of its local anti-trafficking task forces and government agencies, under a single national anti-trafficking task force, on policy and implementation of its national action plan. The government, often in collaboration with NGOs and international organizations, runs public awareness campaigns and service announcements to alert vulnerable populations to the dangers of trafficking and to provide assistance information to victims.
Police liaison officers are posted to Indonesian embassies in Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Australia, the Philippines, and Thailand to support law enforcement cooperation with host governments, including trafficking investigations. During 2010, the government expanded its collaboration with foreign partners and NGOs in the training of law enforcement officials on trafficking.
The Indonesian government should do:
The Indonesian government has done several efforts to stop this issue, but it seems didn’t work well. The government did not enact necessary migrant worker legislation or apply sufficient criminal sanctions to labor recruiters who subject Indonesian migrants to labor trafficking. Moreover, the government did not demonstrate vigorous efforts to investigate, prosecute, and criminally punish law enforcement officials complicit in human trafficking, and this remains a severe impediment to the government’s and NGOs’ anti-trafficking efforts. Besides that, Indonesia has the main problem, it is corruption. It remains endemic in Indonesia, and members of the security forces, immigration officials and government employees continue to be involved both directly and indirectly in trafficking. Criticisms and complaints include police association with brothels, mainly through the collection of protection money; passive investigations into trafficking; falsification of labor brokers’ licenses; and failure to properly screen passports and the acceptance of bribes at immigration control. Despite these reports, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, convictions, or sentences of officials for such trafficking-related offenses in 2010.
The stake holders of Indonesia should do the previous efforts seriously, consistently, and effectively. They can try the other ways to solve it, for instances:
- Improved on education system the whole lot, and allocate a lot of fund in it.
- Keep vocation for men with a good wage system. It prevent women go to abroad finding job to fulfill their principle commodity.
In Islam, women have high position. The men should protect them. Woman is created from right ribs of man, so don’t make her as a back bone.
- The government should make a high immigration control to prevent illegal tourist.
The U.S. Department of State recommends that the Indonesian government enact the following measures in its 2011 TIP Report:
- Enact draft legislation to provide effective protections to Indonesian migrants recruited for work abroad, particularly female domestic workers;
- Undertake greater efforts to criminally prosecute and punish labor recruitment agencies involved in trafficking and the illicit recruitment practices that facilitate trafficking, including the charging of recruitment fees that are grossly disproportionate to the services that recruiters provide;
- Increase efforts to prosecute and convict public officials – particularly law enforcement and Ministry of Manpower officials who are involved in trafficking;
- Augment efforts to protect domestic workers within Indonesia, particularly children, through law enforcement, public awareness and assistance to families;
- Improve the collection, analysis, and public reporting of comprehensive data on law enforcement actions taken under the 2007 law;
- Prosecute and punish those who obtain commercial sexual services from children;
- Increase government funding for the rescue, recovery, and reintegration of trafficking victims;
- Improve coordination with other labor sending governments, with the goal of creating a regional migration framework that protects workers from human trafficking and exploitation; and
- Increase efforts to combat trafficking through awareness campaigns targeted at the public and law enforcement personnel in source regions.
Islam offers the solutions for all problems:
From all references I have taken from many resources, I don’t find the articles that offer Islamic solutions for stopping human trafficking. Many of the authors offered the solutions according to International Human Right or duplicating from other countries, such as from developed countries. So did the Indonesian government.
The Indonesian constitution adopted from Royal Dutch Constitution. The Indonesian founders leaved Qurán and Sunnah, whereas a lot of moslems became martyrs in war time. Today, we can see many problems here.
Allah has said in Surah Al-A’raaf verse 96;
وَلَوْ أَنَّ أَهْلَ الْقُرَى آمَنُوْا وَاتّقَوْا لَفَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ بَرَكَاتٍ مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْاَرْضِ
وَلكِنْ كَذّبُوْا فَأَخَذْنَاهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوْا يَكْسِبُوْنَ
But if the people of these regions had believed and feared God, We would surely have showered on them blessings of the heavens and the earth; but they only denied, and We punished them for their deeds. [7:96]
The verse above is as guarantee from Allah to all believers. Subhanallah, but remember Allah will not change the bad situation from a people, except they change it by themselves.
His angels keep watch over him in succession (night and day), in front and behind, by God’s command. Verily God does not change the state of a people till they change themselves. When God intends misfortune for a people no one can avert it, and no savior will they have apart from Him. [13:11].
Islam has offered Qurán and Hadith as the guidance for all part of life. Not only rules for sholat but also education, economy, politic, constitution, rules of war, social and culture, and many things. Qurán itself is the source of all sources of law, and hadith is as the second law. Just back to Qurán and sunnah, change all laws/ constitutions, and manage this country according Allah’s rules. Is it difficult? Of course, but there is the pure aim, to get the guarantee from Allah. If not, the problem will never finish, because the root of this problem is the system of government itself, maybe we should read this verse.
Allah present the example of a town which enjoyed peace and security, its provisions coming from everywhere in abundance, but it denied the favors of Allah; so Allah acquainted it with intimate hunger and fear (as punishment) for what they had done. [16:112].
Will the Indonesian government use Islamic rules to solve this issue?
Let’s wait and see!