بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
As moslems, we have no doubt that Al Qurán Kareem is a source of sciences. The first verses of Al Qurán itself talking about science, and learning fomentation. It was surah Al Álaq verse 1-5:
اقرأ با سم ربّك الّذى خلق، خلق الإنسان من علق ، اقرأ وربّك الأكرم ، الّذى علّم بالقلم ، علّم الإنسان مالم يعلم .
“READ IN THE name of your Lord who created, (1) Created man from an embryo; (2) Read, for your Lord is most beneficent, (3) Who taught by the pen, (4) Taught man what he did not know. (5) “
A wise and unwise are not same “Can one who prays in the watches of the night, bowing in homage or standing attentive, fearful of the life to come, and hoping for the mercy of his Lord, (be like one who does not)? Say; Can those who know, and those who do not know, be equal? Only they think who are wise.”[39:9]
The science in Islam heyday was divided into 4 categories:
1. Science of Arabic language consisted of :
- Nahwu (Arabic grammar);
- Balaghoh (Arabic literature); and
- Science of language such as Arabic dictionary.
2. Science of Islamic law.
- Hadith and mustholah hadith;
- Fiqh and ushul fiqh;
In Qurán we often seen the verses that told about history, for instance; the stories of Jews (the sons of Israel), Nashrani, the wars, the stories of our prophets, the history of nations, and etc.
4. Wisdom and philosophy.
It was divided into 4 sciences:
- Natural science; Chemistry,Medical, Pharmacy, Zoology, and Agronomy.
- Physical science; Math, Algebra, Algorithm, Astronomy, and Geography.
The verses about universe, for example Surah Yunus:5, and Yaseen: 38-40.
“It is who gave the sun its radiance, the moon its lustre, and appointed its stations so that you may compute years and numbers. Allah did not create them but with deliberation. He distinctly explains His signs for those who can understand.”[10:5]
The verses about animals, for instance: Surah An-Nahl, Al-Ankabut, An-Naml, Al-Baqoroh, Al-Ánám, etc.
“The semblance of those who take protectors besides Allah is that of the spider. She arranges a house for herself, but the flimsiest of houses is the spider’s. If only they had sense!” [29:41]
The verses about plants, :
“On the earth are tracts adjoining one another, and vineyargds, fields of corn and date-palm trees, some forked, some with single trunks, yet all irrigated by the self-same water, though We make some more excellent than the others in fruit. There are surely signs in them for those who understand.” [13:4]
The verses about geography, physic, and astronomy, for instance; Surah Qaaf, Al-Qomar, Asy-Syam, etc.
“We stretched the earth and placed upon it firm stabilisers and We made every kind of splendid thing to grow upon it.(7) As instruction and reminder to every penitent creature. (8) And We send down water as a blessing from the sky, and grow gardens with it and the grain for harvest.”(9) [50:7-9]
The verses about soul;
“They ask you about revelation. Say, revelation is by the command of your Lord, and that you have been given but little knowledge.”[17:85]
We are so proud of former moslem generation whom had high spirit in learning and research. They started their learning from Qurán. They did many researches in some sciences. From Qurán to Qurán. As they increased their knowledge, their iman also increased. They really knew that all sciences and knowledge came from Allah, Allah The Knower of all.
There is not separation of religion and science. They are one, religion (qurán as a guidance) gives us all guidance we need including to reach the sciences. Sciences were written completely in Qurán. A wise who has good iman will never forget qurán as his basic.
Qurán will available till the end from generation to generation, it will never barred by statute of limitations and will remain always up to date. Qurán is about 14 centuries old. الله اكبر، والله يحفظه
الله has issued of challenge to His creations (humans and jinns) to break through this universe. Let’s see His said in Surah Ar-Rahmaan verse 33;
يَا مَعْسَرَ الْجِنِّ وَالإنسِ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ أَنْ تَنْفُذُوا مِنْ أَقْطَا رِ السّماَوَاتِ وَالأرْضِ فاَنْفُذُوا ، لا تنْفُذُ و نَ الاّ بِسُلْطَا نٍ.
“O society of jinns and men, cross the bounds of the heavens and the earth if you have the ability, then pass beyond them; but you cannot unless you acquire the law.”
The light of their minds come from the light of their qurán.
The right thing comes from الله, and the wrong comes from myself. So, please feel free to correct my post. I always love it.
جزاكم الله خيرا
- Qurán Shareef.
- Qurán app for WP.
- Qurán Translation app for WP.